Motivation is a concept largely studied by modern psychology and mainly applied in the fields of learning at school, performance at work, competition in sport. Recently neuropsychiatry put forward the syndrome of apathy, a major disorder of the motivation which appears as frequently observed in several neurodegenerative disorders and in particular in Alzheimer’s disease. The question raised in the present review is to detect and gather the data which would prove the existence of a physiology and a neurobiology of the motivation, a real prerequisite for any pharmacological project. Precisely, frontal lobe and cingular cortex appear as critical in the activation of motivational process. Acetylcholine and dopamine, at the present time, are considered as the main neurotransmitters involved in such anatomical circuits explaining that pharmacology focuses its interest on acetylcholinesterase inhibitors and dopamine agonists. Studies specifically devoted to motivation and apathy are anxiously expected and should be based on the most recent acquisitions of the neurophilosophy.
Udaan is a project launched by CBSE under the guidance of Ministry of Human Resource Development, Govt. of India, to address the low enrolment of girl students in prestigious engineering institutions and the teaching gap between school education & engineering entrance examination. The effort is to enrich the teaching & learning of Science and Mathematics at School level by addressing the three dimensions of education – curriculum design, transaction and assessments. The objective is to provide a platform that empowers the girl students, facilitate their aspiration of joining the prestigious engineering institutions and take important role in development/ reduce gap/progress of the country in future. Under this program, students are provided free offline / online resources through virtual weekend contact classes and study material while studying in Class XI and Class XII for preparation of admission test to various premier engineering colleges in the country.